kopi giras Sumba Tengah

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kopi giras Sumba Tengah

kopi giras Sumba Tengah
| Bermacam literatur mencatat tanaman kopi berasal dari Abyssinia, nama tempat lawas di Afrika yang ketika ini mencakup wilayah negara Etiopia dan Eritrea. Tapi tak banyak diketahui bagaimana orang-orang Abyssinia memanfaatkan tanaman kopi. Kopi sebagai minuman pertama kali dipopulerkan oleh orang-orang Arab. Biji kopi dari Abyssinia dibawa oleh para pedagang Arab ke Yaman dan mulai menjadi komoditi komersial.

kopi giras Sumba Tengah

kopi giras Sumba Tengah

Di masa permulaan, bangsa Arab memonopoli perdagangan biji kopi. Mereka mengatur perdagangan melewati pelabuhan Mocha, sebuah kota yang terletak di Yaman. Dari pelabuhan Mocha biji kopi diperdagangkan hingga ke Eropa. Ketika itu Mocha menjadi satu-satunya gerbang lalu-lintas perdagangan biji kopi, sampai-hingga orang Eropa menyebut kopi sebagai Mocha.

Menjelang abad ke-17 orang-orang Eropa mulai memaksimalkan perkebunan kopi sendiri. Pertama-tama nereka mengembangkannya di Eropa, melainkan iklim di sana tak pantas untuk tanaman kopi. Kemudian mereka mencoba membudidayakan tanaman hal yang demikian di tempat jajahannya yang tersebar di berjenis-jenis penjuru bumi. Upayanya berhasil, orang-orang Eropa kapabel menggeser dominasi bangsa Arab dalam memproduksi kopi.

kopi giras Sumba Tengah

Salah satu sentra produksi kopi dunia ada di Pulau Jawa yang dioptimalkan bangsa Belanda. Untuk masa tertentu kopi dari Jawa sempat mendominasi pasar kopi dunia. Saat itu secangkir kopi lebih popular dengan sebutan “Cup of Java” atau “Secangkir Jawa”.

Dokumen tertulis yang paling tua seputar kopi ditemukan dalam catatan Al Razi (850-922) seorang ilmuwan muslim yang juga ahli kedokteran. Ia menyebut suatu minuman yang ciri-cirinya mirip kopi dengan sebutan bunshum.

Catatan ini diperkuat oleh seorang pakar kedokteran setelahnya, Ibnu Sina (980-1037 ), yang menandakan sesuatu biji yang dapat diseduh dan bermanfaat menyembuhkan salah satu penyakit perut. Seluruh keterangan yang dikasih Ibnu Sina mengacu pada ciri-ciri kopi yang kita ketahui saat ini. Dia menyebut minuman tersebut bunshum dan bijinya dengan nama bun.

Kopi menjadi komoditas ekonomi penting di dunia islam. Minuman kopi amat populer di kalangan para peziarah di kota Mekah, walaupun pernah beberapa kali diungkapkan sebagai minuman terlarang. Para peziarah meminum kopi untuk tetap terjaga dikala beribadah di malam hari.

kopi giras Sumba Tengah

Tren kopi kian meluas di masa kekhalifahan Turki Ustmani. Di ceritakan minuman kopi menjadi sajian utama di tiap perayaan di Istambul. Di masa ini juga kopi mulai disukai orang-orang Eropa.

Di permulaan tahun 1600-an para pedagang di Venesia membeli kopi dari pelabuhan Mocha di Yaman. Dari daerah ini menyebar ke daerah Eropa lainnya. Kemudian pada tahun 1668 kopi mulai menyeberang samudera Atlantik dan tiba di New York, kala itu masih menjadi kooni Belanda.

Sejarah kopi di Indonesia diawali pada tahun 1696 dikala Belanda membawa kopi dari Malabar, India, ke Jawa. Mereka membudidayakan tanaman kopi tersebut di Kedawung, sebuah perkebunan yang berlokasi dekat Batavia. Tetapi upaya ini gagal kerena tanaman hal yang demikian rusak oleh gempa bumi dan banjir.

Upaya kedua dilakukan pada tahun 1699 dengan mendatangkan stek pohon kopi dari Malabar. Pada tahun 1706 sampel kopi yang dihasilkan dari tanaman di Jawa dikirim ke negeri Belanda untuk diteliti di Kebun Raya Amsterdam. Hasilnya berhasil besar, kopi yang dijadikan memiliki kwalitas yang benar-benar bagus. Selanjutnya tanaman kopi ini dijadikan bibit bagi segala perkebunan yang dioptimalkan di Indonesia. Belanda malahan memperluas areal budidaya kopi ke Sumatera, Sulawesi, Bali, Timor dan pulau-pulau lainnya di Indonesia.

kopi giras Sumba Tengah

Pada tahun 1878 terjadi tragedi yang memilukan. Hampir segala perkebunan kopi yang ada di Indonesia khususnya di dataran rendah rusak terserang penyakit karat daun atau Hemileia vastatrix (HV). Kala itu segala tanaman kopi yang ada di Indonesia yaitu ragam Arabika (Coffea arabica). Untuk menanggulanginya, Belanda mendatangkan spesies kopi liberika (Coffea liberica) yang diperkirakan lebih tahan terhadap penyakit karat daun.

Sampai beberapa tahun lamanya, kopi liberika menggantikan kopi arabika di perkebunan dataran rendah. Di pasar Eropa kopi liberika ketika itu dihargai sama dengan arabika. Tapi ternyata tanaman kopi liberika juga mengalami hal yang sama, rusak terserang karat daun. Kemudian pada tahun 1907 Belanda mendatangkan spesies lain merupakan kopi robusta (Coffea canephora). Usaha kali ini sukses, hingga ketika ini perkebunan-perkebunan kopi robusta yang ada di dataran rendah dapat bertahan.

Pasca kemerdekaan Indonesia tahun 1945, semua perkebunan kopi Belanda yang ada di Indonesia di nasionalisasi. Semenjak itu Belanda tidak lagi menjadi pemasok kopi dunia.

banyak yang bertanya apa itu kopi giras ? apa bedanya dengan dengan kopi umum ?

Giras bila di artikan dengan bahasa jawa artinya Ganas atau Belum Jinak . Melainkan sebagian masyarakat terutamanya kota surabaya mengartikan kata Giras yakni Toko Kopi . mayoritas penjual kopi giras di surabaya yaitu pendatang dari lamongan , gresik dan madura .

kopi giras Sumba Tengah

kopi giras juga memiliki arti \”legi ( manis ) \” dan \”keras\” dengan karateristik rasa yg mantab sehingga banyak penikmat kopi di surabaya dan sekitarnya sangat menyenangi kopi ini. sekiranya anda tidak suka kopi tubruk giras yang keras. anda dapat menambahkan susu didalamnya keistimewaan kopi giras walaupun di mix dengan susu kental manis. rasa kopi nya masih berasa di lidah.

kopi giras Sumba Tengah

Kopi Giras Yaitu Perpaduan Total Kopi Robusta Nusantara yang berasal dari Lampung, Dampit, Bali Kintamani, dan Flores (Sumatera, Jawa, NTB, dan NTT) dengan persentase komposisi yang terstandar sehingga tidak bisa ditiru oleh kompetitor.
APA PERBEDAAN KOPI GIRAS D ENGAN KOPI YANG LAINNYA?
Tidak ada perbedaan dengan yang tak ada standarisasi citarasa kopi. Akan melainkan yang membedakan kopi lain dengan Kopi Giras adalah Rasa Kopi yang selalu nempel di mulut meskipun l jam sesudah minum kopi dan inilah salah satu penyebab pelanggan merasa hambar merasakan kopi lainnya jikalau telah mengkonsumsi Kopi Giras selama satu pekan.

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