kopi giras Bireuen

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kopi giras Bireuen

kopi giras Bireuen
| Pelbagai literatur mencatat tanaman kopi berasal dari Abyssinia, nama tempat lawas di Afrika yang dikala ini mencakup kawasan negara Etiopia dan Eritrea. Melainkan tak banyak diketahui bagaimana orang-orang Abyssinia memanfaatkan tanaman kopi. Kopi sebagai minuman pertama kali dipopulerkan oleh orang-orang Arab. Biji kopi dari Abyssinia dibawa oleh para pedagang Arab ke Yaman dan mulai menjadi komoditas komersial.

kopi giras Bireuen

kopi giras Bireuen

Di masa awal, bangsa Arab memonopoli perdagangan biji kopi. Mereka memegang perdagangan melalui pelabuhan Mocha, sebuah kota yang berlokasi di Yaman. Dari pelabuhan Mocha biji kopi diperdagangkan hingga ke Eropa. Dikala itu Mocha menjadi satu-satunya gerbang lalu-lintas perdagangan biji kopi, hingga-sampai orang Eropa menyebut kopi sebagai Mocha.

Memasuki abad ke-17 orang-orang Eropa mulai mengembangkan perkebunan kopi sendiri. Pertama-tama nereka mengembangkannya di Eropa, tapi iklim di sana tidak pantas untuk tanaman kopi. Kemudian mereka mencoba membudidayakan tanaman tersebut di daerah jajahannya yang tersebar di beraneka penjuru bumi. Upayanya berhasil, orang-orang Eropa sanggup menggeser dominasi bangsa Arab dalam memproduksi kopi.

kopi giras Bireuen

Salah satu sentra produksi kopi dunia ada di Pulau Jawa yang dimaksimalkan bangsa Belanda. Untuk masa tertentu kopi dari Jawa sempat mendominasi pasar kopi dunia. Ketika itu secangkir kopi lebih popular dengan sebutan “Cup of Java” atau “Secangkir Jawa”.

Dokumen tertulis yang paling tua perihal kopi ditemukan dalam catatan Al Razi (850-922) seorang ilmuwan muslim yang juga spesialis kedokteran. Ia menyebut suatu minuman yang ciri-cirinya mirip kopi dengan sebutan bunshum.

Catatan ini diperkuat oleh seorang ahli kedokteran setelahnya, Ibnu Sina (980-1037 ), yang menggambarkan sesuatu biji yang dapat diseduh dan berkhasiat menyembuhkan salah satu penyakit perut. Seluruh keterangan yang diberikan Ibnu Sina merujuk pada ciri-ciri kopi yang kita ketahui ketika ini. Dia menyebut minuman hal yang demikian bunshum dan bijinya dengan nama bun.

Kopi menjadi komoditas ekonomi penting di dunia islam. Minuman kopi amat populer di kalangan para peziarah di kota Mekah, walaupun pernah sebagian kali diungkapkan sebagai minuman terlarang. Para peziarah meminum kopi untuk konsisten terjaga dikala beribadah di malam hari.

kopi giras Bireuen

Popularitas kopi kian meluas di masa kekhalifahan Turki Ustmani. Di ceritakan minuman kopi menjadi sajian utama di tiap-tiap perayaan di Istambul. Di masa ini juga kopi mulai disukai orang-orang Eropa.

Di permulaan tahun 1600-an para pedagang di Venesia membeli kopi dari pelabuhan Mocha di Yaman. Dari daerah ini menyebar ke daerah Eropa lainnya. Kemudian pada tahun 1668 kopi mulai menyeberang samudera Atlantik dan tiba di New York, kala itu masih menjadi kooni Belanda.

Sejarah kopi di Indonesia dimulai pada tahun 1696 ketika Belanda membawa kopi dari Malabar, India, ke Jawa. Mereka membudidayakan tanaman kopi tersebut di Kedawung, sebuah perkebunan yang berlokasi dekat Batavia. Tetapi upaya ini gagal kerena tanaman hal yang demikian rusak oleh gempa bumi dan banjir.

Upaya kedua dijalankan pada tahun 1699 dengan mendatangkan stek pohon kopi dari Malabar. Pada tahun 1706 sampel kopi yang dibuat dari tanaman di Jawa dikirim ke negeri Belanda untuk diteliti di Kebun Raya Amsterdam. Akibatnya berhasil besar, kopi yang dijadikan memiliki mutu yang sangat baik. Selanjutnya tanaman kopi ini dijadikan bibit bagi seluruh perkebunan yang dikembangkan di Indonesia. Belanda malahan memperluas areal budidaya kopi ke Sumatera, Sulawesi, Bali, Timor dan pulau-pulau lainnya di Indonesia.

kopi giras Bireuen

Pada tahun 1878 terjadi tragedi yang memilukan. Hampir semua perkebunan kopi yang ada di Indonesia lebih-lebih di dataran rendah rusak terserang penyakit karat daun atau Hemileia vastatrix (HV). Kala itu semua tanaman kopi yang ada di Indonesia merupakan tipe Arabika (Coffea arabica). Untuk menanggulanginya, Belanda mendatangkan spesies kopi liberika (Coffea liberica) yang diperkirakan lebih tahan terhadap penyakit karat daun.

Hingga beberapa tahun lamanya, kopi liberika menggantikan kopi arabika di perkebunan dataran rendah. Di pasar Eropa kopi liberika ketika itu dihargai sama dengan arabika. Namun rupanya tanaman kopi liberika juga mengalami hal yang sama, rusak terserang karat daun. Kemudian pada tahun 1907 Belanda mendatangkan spesies lain yakni kopi robusta (Coffea canephora). Usaha kali ini berhasil, hingga saat ini perkebunan-perkebunan kopi robusta yang ada di dataran rendah dapat bertahan.

Pasca kemerdekaan Indonesia tahun 1945, segala perkebunan kopi Belanda yang ada di Indonesia di nasionalisasi. Semenjak itu Belanda tidak lagi menjadi pemasok kopi dunia.

banyak yang bertanya apa itu kopi giras ? apa bedanya dengan dengan kopi biasa ?

Giras jikalau di artikan dengan bahasa jawa artinya Ganas atau Belum Jinak . Tapi sebagian masyarakat terutamanya kota surabaya mengartikan kata Giras adalah Toko Kopi . mayoritas penjual kopi giras di surabaya yaitu pendatang dari lamongan , gresik dan madura .

kopi giras Bireuen

kopi giras juga mempunyai arti \”legi ( manis ) \” dan \”keras\” dengan karateristik rasa yg mantab sehingga banyak penikmat kopi di surabaya dan sekitarnya amat menyenangi kopi ini. jikalau anda tak menyenangi kopi tubruk giras yang keras. anda bisa menambahkan susu didalamnya keistimewaan kopi giras meskipun di mix dengan susu kental manis. rasa kopi nya masih berasa di lidah.

kopi giras Bireuen

Kopi Giras Yakni Perpaduan Total Kopi Robusta Nusantara yang berasal dari Lampung, Dampit, Bali Kintamani, dan Flores (Sumatera, Jawa, NTB, dan NTT) dengan prosentase komposisi yang terstandar sehingga tidak bisa diikuti oleh kompetitor.
APA PERBEDAAN KOPI GIRAS D ENGAN KOPI YANG LAINNYA?
Tidak ada perbedaan dengan yang tidak ada standarisasi citarasa kopi. Akan tapi yang membedakan kopi lain dengan Kopi Giras merupakan Rasa Kopi yang senantiasa nempel di mulut walaupun l jam sesudah minum kopi dan inilah salah satu penyebab pelanggan merasa hambar merasakan kopi lainnya seandainya sudah mengonsumsi Kopi Giras selama satu minggu.

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